Replacement Cost or Replacement Insurance? Replacement Cost or Replacement Insurance? http://chad.ca/en/consumers/insuring-yourself-properly/car-insurance/222/replacement-cost-or-replacement-insurance

​The basic rule of damage insurance is to compensate the insured for the value of the property on the day the loss occurred. Let’s say you buy a new car for $30,000. Over time, its value will decrease. Thus, if you make a claim at the point in time where the car has lost 50% of its value, you will receive a maximum of $15,000 in compensation.

If you want replacement cost compensation in the event of a loss, you have two options:

  • Add additional coverage to your basic automobile insurance contract (Q.P.F. no. 1) by purchasing a “replacement cost” endorsement (Q.E.F. no. 43).
  • Opt for replacement insurance (Q.P.F. no. 5), which is a separate insurance contract. 

Are they equivalent to each other? Is one option better than the other? It all depends on your situation.


Who can sell this coverage?

Both the “replacement cost” endorsement (Q.E.F. no. 43) and replacement insurance (Q.P.F. no. 5) are sold by damage insurance agents and brokers, who are certified professionals overseen by the Chambre de l’assurance de dommages (ChAD). It is their duty to advise the public and insureds. They are in the best position to help you compare the two products and identify the one that best meets your needs. Do not hesitate to ask them questions.

Replacement insurance (Q.P.F. no. 5) is also offered by car dealerships. Dealerships must give you a distribution guide that describes, in particular, the product, the nature of the coverage and the exclusions; they are not authorized to explain to you the difference between the two products. For this information, you must consult a certified professional—in other words, a damage insurance agent or broker.


​​ ​
Regarding the purchase of replacement insurance from a dealership:
  • If you bought coverage from a dealership when you purchased or leased your vehicle, you may cancel the contract within 10 days of signing it, at no cost.
  • The premium for this insurance can be included in the vehicle’s financing contract. In this case, interest is charged, which increases the cost.
  • In 2016, the average premium for a five-year term was $1,781 when sold by a dealership and $1,141 when sold by an agent or broker—a difference of $640.


All consumers should take the time to weigh the pros and cons of both options before making a decision. The following table outlines the main differences between the two options, from purchase to claim.


​​​Automobile Insurance: Replacement Cost or Replacement Insurance?

 


A“Replacement cost” endorsement (Q.E.F. no. 431)

Replacement insurance (Q.P.F. no. 5)

Note: This table only concerns coverage for new vehicles.
BUYING COVERAGE
Suitable for what kind of vehicle?Usually for new private passenger vehicles, and certain demonstrators with a limited number of kilometers.2
 
Did you know that…Equipment and accessories the insured adds subsequently are automatically covered for replacement cost if the insured purchases endorsement Q.E.F. no. 43 (inasmuch as they do not increase the value of the vehicle).
For new and used3 private passenger vehicles and demonstrators, as well as ATVs, snowmobiles, and certain high-end vehicles for which endorsement Q.E.F. no. 43 is not offered.

​​Did you know that…The vehicle’s equipment and accessories must appear on the contract to purchase or lease in order to be covered by replacement insurance. Otherwise, the insurer that issued Q.P.F. no. 1 will pay compensation for their depreciated value.
Who can sell the coverage?Only offered by damage insurance agents and brokers. Offered by damage insurance agents and brokers.

Also offered by car dealerships. Dealerships must give the client a distribution guide. They are not authorized to explain the difference between the two products to the client.
Number of insurance contractsOne single insurance contract, same insurer.Two insurance contracts: one for Q.P.F. no. 1 and its endorsements, and the other for Q.P.F. no. 5.
Therefore, possibility of two different insurers.
Cost of the premiumPremium is set at every renewal, generally annually. Premiums may vary from one insurer to another. Shop around.

Calculated based on the driving record, the type of vehicle and the individual insurer’s own specific criteria.

Since the replacement cost endorsement is added to your basic automobile insurance contract (Q.P.F. no. 1), its cost is included in the premium you pay. The insurer may offer you the option of spreading the payment over 12 months.

Less expensive than Q.P.F. no. 5, although it increases yearly, especially after 24 months (could amount to between $500 and $1,000 over 5 years).
Fixed premium for the length of the contract (1 to 8 years).

Calculated based on the vehicle’s value and the length of the contract, without regard to the driving record.

Payment is separate from your automobile insurance (Q.P.F. no. 1). The premium can be included in the vehicle’s financing contract (term from 1 to 8 years), in which case interest will be charged and the cost will increase.

Important
​In 2016, the average premium for a five-year term was $1,781 when sold by a dealership and $1,141 when sold by an agent or broker.4.
LENGTH AND END OF CONTRACT
Length of contractCorresponds to the length of your automobile insurance contract (Q.P.F. no. 1), generally 1 or occasionally 2 years. You may renew your coverage for a maximum of 4 to 5 years, depending on the insurer. When you purchase the contract, you choose its length (between 1 and 8 years). The term can cover the entire financing period of the vehicle.
Terminating the contract
(Rescission, renewal, cancellation, etc.)
The Insured
  • When renewing your automobile insurance contract (Q.P.F. no. 1), you decide whether you wish to maintain the coverage. 
  • You may terminate the replacement cost endorsement at a time other than at renewal. You will be reimbursed on a pro rata basis for the unused portion of the endorsement. No cancellation fee will be charged. 

The Insurer
  • The insurer may terminate at renewal time if, for instance, you have had several losses or in the event of non-payment.
  • The insurer may terminate without any explanation within 60 days of the contract coming into force.

After a claim (if total loss)
  • Q.P.F. no. 1 does not automatically end in the event of a claim and compensation. Q.P.F. no. 1 will be “transferred” to the replacement vehicle and the insured can then purchase a new Q.E.F. no. 43 endorsement.
The Insured
  • You may terminate it at any time; cancellation fees apply, calculated according to a cancellation table. 

    Right to rescind 
    ​If you purchased your coverage from a dealership when you bought or leased your vehicle, you may cancel the contract within 10 days of signing, at no cost (section 441 of the ARDFPS).  

The Insurer
  • The insurer cannot terminate it, other than for non-payment. 

After a claim (if total loss)
  • Q.P.F. no. 5 ends after a claim is made (total loss) and the unused portion of the premium is reimbursed. A new contract is required for the new vehicle.
IN THE EVENT OF A CLAIM
Claims settlement process There is only one contract and thus one single insurer involved in the claims settlement process. If two insurers are involved, there will be two claims files and the process could take longer.

The primary insurer (Q.P.F. no. 1) will pay compensation for the depreciated value. The Q.P.F. no. 5 insurer will then make up the difference between the depreciated value and the replacement cost.
Will you have to pay a deductible?Generally speaking, yes. Check with your agent or broker to find out the circumstances under which you will be required to pay it.

Important
​Certain insurers offer endorsements with a $0 deductible, or a diminishing deductible; some even waive the deductible for certain clients. Discuss this with your broker or agent.
Yes, however it will be reimbursed by the Q.P.F. no. 5 insurer regardless of the circumstances of the loss, up to the amount stipulated in the Q.P.F. no. 5 contract.
Compensation in the event of a total loss
(Generally speaking, a vehicle is declared a total loss if repairs cost more than replacement.)
When you make the claim, you may choose to either:
  • replace your vehicle; or 
  • take the compensation. 

If you decide to replace the vehicle, you may do so at the dealer of your choice. You may then choose: :
  1. a new vehicle from the current year with the same characteristics, equipment and accessories as the vehicle being replaced.
    The insurer has the right to find a similar vehicle but from the preceding year, or a new vehicle from the current year that is less expensive. 
  2.  
  3. a different vehicle (new or used). In this case, the insurer will pay the higher of the two amounts: either the price paid for the insured vehicle or the price of the vehicle you wish to buy or lease, without exceeding the replacement cost of the insured vehicle. 

If you decide to take the compensation, the insurer will pay the lesser of the following two amounts:
  • the price paid for the insured vehicle; or
  • the current price of the vehicle on the day of purchase;
without exceeding the replacement cost that the insurer would have paid had you decided to replace the vehicle (option “1)” above).
When you purchase Q.P.F. no. 5, you must choose between two options:
  • option 1: replace the vehicle at the original dealership; or
  • option 2: take the compensation and replace the vehicle elsewhere.

Regardless of the option chosen, replacement is mandatory.

Important ​
The consumer must be offered both options. The law does not allow preselection of one option over another.

The vehicle will be replaced by a vehicle from the current year or a more recent one (not from the preceding year).

The Q.P.F. no. 5 insurer will pay the difference between the compensation paid by the primary insurer (Q.P.F. no. 1) and the vehicle’s replacement cost.

If the vehicle is not replaced, Q.P.F. no. 5 does not apply and the client loses the benefit of the coverage.
Compensation in the event of a partial lossDamaged parts are replaced by new, genuine parts if they cannot be repaired.
Costs to temporarily rent a vehicle in the wake of a loss In the case of theft: the primary insurer (Q.P.F. no. 1) will pay for temporary car rental after 72 hours (waiting period). Maximum $40 per day and $1,200 per claim.

In the case of an accident for which the insured is not responsible, the primary insurer (Q.P.F. no. 1) will reimburse the insured for reasonable rental costs (no limit) from the first day forward (no waiting period).

If the insured is partially responsible for the accident, the claim to be compensated for reasonable rental costs will be processed exactly as noted above, however compensation will be calculated according to the percentage of the loss for which the insured is not responsible.
In the event of a responsible accident: endorsement Q.E.F. no. 20 must be added to the insurance contract in order to cover rental costs. Discuss this with your agent or broker. Q.P.F. no. 5 provides compensation for rental costs after compensation from Q.P.F. no. 1 and endorsement Q.E.F. no. 20 (if applicable) has been exhausted.

In the case of theft, Q.P.F. no. 5 will cover costs incurred during the first 72 hours.


 

​​

Protection of the Public and Recourse

All damage insurance representatives are certified professionals who are overseen by the ChAD and governed by the Code of ethics of damage insurance representatives, and the ARDFPS and its regulations. If an insured feels that his professional has caused him harm, he may complain to the Syndic’s Office of the Chambre de l’assurance de dommages.

In cases of fraud, the insured can turn to the Fonds d’indemnisation des services financiers of the Autorité des marchés financiers.

If Q.P.F. no. 5 was sold by a car dealership, the ChAD has no jurisdiction since the product was not distributed by a certified representative. Furthermore, in a case of fraud, the insured is not eligible for compensation from the Fonds d’indemnisation des services financiers of the Autorité des marchés financiers because dealerships are not governed by the ARDFPS.


Download the table in PDF format


1. Endorsement Q.E.F. no. 43 offers options A to F. However, options A and E are the ones that insurers most commonly offer.
2. Under very strict conditions, certain insurers agree to offer a replacement cost endorsement for used vehicles. In this case, you must ask for Q.E.F. endorsement no. 43F.
3. Q.P.F. no. 5 is available for used vehicles. This table, however, only concerns coverage for new vehicles.
4. Rapport annuel sur les institutions financières 2016 [Annual Report on Financial Institutions, in French only], Autorité des marchés financiers, p. 227.
5. Endorsement Q.E.F. no. 43 offers options A to F. However, options A and E are the ones that insurers most commonly offer.

7/4/2017 7:27:15 PM